Hurricanes and tornadoes

Hurricanes and tornadoes are both very serious, strong forces of nature that can be extremely destructive and devastating. They are of the most violent natural catastrophes ever, and both can cause great damage with their overwhelming windstorms. They both consist of very heavy rain and winds and have unusually high wind-speeds. Although they seem a lot alike and very similar, they have many differences.Hurricanes and tornadoes are both stormy atmospheric systems that can cause great destruction, but they differ in length, speed and intensity, and climatic influences. Tornadoes have diameters on the scale of the 100’s of meters and are produced by a single storm, such as a thunderstorm or a cumulonimbus. The diameter of a tornado’s eye is only a few feet in diameter, while the diameter of a hurricane’s eye is 10-20 miles. Because tornadoes move rapidly, they could cause more damage than their size might suggest.A hurricane, or a tropical cyclone, has a diameter on the scale of 100s of kilometers and is made up of many storms. The average hurricane is 322-483 kilometers in diameter and really big hurricanes can span 1,127 kilometers. The size of a hurricane is not directly related to its wind speed or force. Small ones can be extremely strong, while big ones can be relatively mild. The spiraling winds of the most powerful tornados can reach a speed of about 320 miles per hour, the most violent winds on earth.This is faster than airplanes could fly, faster than a formula one race car, and almost half the speed of sound. However, most tornadoes range at less than 200 miles per hour, which is still fast enough to uproot trees and destroy non-sturdy homes. A weak hurricane’s winds, on the other hand, are about three times 30 miles per hour, which is around the speed it takes for an umbrella to be turned inside out and for it to be hard to walk upwind. A strong hurricane has sustained winds of over 150 miles per hour, with gusts of wind that are higher than 200 miles per hour.At hurricane speeds, loose litter and trash become bombarding missiles in the wind. Tornadoes tend to travel across flat terrain, while hurricanes depend on water for fuel. They exist as long the atmosphere is unstable enough for circulation to take place. When the storm clouds lose their power, it most probably won’t regenerate. Hurricanes, on the other hand, form over water and are dependent on evaporated water vapor. If they weaken because they stray away from water paths, they can still easily regain strength when they cross a water path again.A hurricane can be maintained for a while as long as a larger system doesn’t remove it. Overall, hurricanes and tornadoes are both deadly atmospheric forces with similar characteristics. However, the measure and degree of those characteristics are different, hurricanes being much more intense and on a higher scale than tornados. Also, their sources and process of formation is different. Both hurricanes and tornados cause general chaos, and evacuations, but they have many differences in their nature and impact.

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